Ren Shen (Radix Ginseng)
The root of the perennial herbaceous plant Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. of the family Araliaceae.
Mainly produced in Jiling, Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces in China. Called the wild Shan Shen, called the cultivated Yuan Shen.
After 6~7 years cultivation, plucked the root in autumn when stalk and leaves wither. The sun-dried raw Ren Shen is called Sheng Sai Shen and the dried after being steamed is Hong Shen.
The actual smell and taste
Specially fragrant, sweet and slightly bitter taste.
Sliced or ground.
Ginseng is sweet and sligtly bitter in flavour, slightly warm in nature, and acts on the heart, spleen and lung channels. It can strongly invigorate the primordial Qi, quickly restore collapse and slowly tonify the deficiency. It is the first important herb to treat collapse due to extreme deficiency of primordial Qi and internal injury caused by overstrain. It is also good at strongly invigorating spleen-qi and lung-qi, promoting the production of the body fluid and quenching thirst to treat deficiency of the spleen-qi and lung-qi, lingering cough, thirst due to impairment of body fluid and other syndromes. When the primordial Qi is invigorated the nevous system is stable. Therefore it can tranquilize and benefit intelligence and can treat palpitation and insomnia caused by irritability.
Invigorating Qi, treating collapes, reinforcing the spleen, nourishing the lung, promoting the production of the body fluid, quenching thirst, tranquilizing the mind and improving intelligence.
- To treat collapse due to Qi deficiency with symptoms or paleness, cold sweating throughout the body and extremely faint pulse tending to cease, ginseng can be used in its large dosage of concentrated decoction or in combination with prepared aconite root for invigorating Qi, recuperating depleted Yang to rescue the patient from collapse, such as Shen Fu Decoction. To treat deficiency of Qi and Yin, perspiration, lassitude, vexation, thirst and faint pulse tending to cease, ginseng is often used in combination with ophiopogon root and schisandra fruit for invigorating Qi, nourishing Yin, astringing perspiration and treating collapse, such as Shengmai Powder.
- Ginseng is often used in combination with white atractylodes rhizome, poria, liquorice and other herbs for invigorating Qi and strengthening the spleen, such as Sijunzi Decoction, to treat deficiency of spleen-qi and stomach-qi, anorexia, emaciation, lassitude and loose stool; and with astragalus root, bupleurum root, cimicifuga rhizome and other herbs for invigorating Qi and elevating Yang, to treat sinking of Qi in middle-jiao, lingering diarrhea, proctoptosis and splan chnoptosis.
- Ginseng is often used in combination with schisandra fruit, astragalus root, tatarian aster root and other herbs for tonifying the lung, arresting cough and alleviating asthma, to treat deficiency of the lung-qi, lingering cough and asthma of deficiency type, perspiration on exertion, lassitude and faint pulse; and with gecko, walnut kernel, psoralea fruit and other herbs for improving inspiration and relieving asthma, to treat lingering cough and asthma of deficiency type due to failure of the kidney in holding air.
- Ginseng is often used in combination with Baihu Decoction for clearing heat and fire, invigorating Qi and promoting the production of the body fluid, to treat epidemic febrile disease caused by exopathogen, injury of Qi and Yin by heat, vexation, thirst, perspiration and lassitude; and with dried rehmannia root, trichosanthes root, pueraria root and other herbs for promoting the production of the body fluid and quenching thirst, to treat interior heat and diabetes.
- To treat vexation, insomnia and amnesia caused by deficiency of Qi and blood an irritability, ginseng is often used in combination with longen aril, wild jujube seed, Chinese angelica root and other herbs for nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind.
Dosage and Administration
3-10g for being decocted alone and mixed with other herbs tea for oral medication. 2-3 times a day, 1-1.5g each time for ginseng powder in from of infusion with hot boiled water. 15-30 in concentrated decoction for emergency treatment of prostration syndrome.
Antagonizing veratrum root, restraining trogopterus dung and inhibiting honey locust.